Intelligent Diagnostic Assistant for Complicated Skin Diseases through C5’s Algorithm

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Intelligent Diagnostic Assistant for Complicated Skin Diseases through C5’s Algorithm

Fatemeh Rangraz Jeddi, Masoud Arabfard, Zahra Arab Kermany

Abstract
Introduction: Intelligent Diagnostic Assistant can be used for complicated diagnosis of skin diseases, which are among the most common causes of disability. The aim of this study was to design and implement a computerized intelligent diagnostic assistant for complicated skin diseases through C5’s Algorithm. Method: An applied-developmental study was done in 2015. Knowledge base was developed based on interviews with dermatologists through questionnaires and checklists. Knowledge representation was obtained from the train data in the database using Excel Microsoft Office. Clementine Software and C5’s Algorithms were applied to draw the decision tree. Analysis of test accuracy was performed based on rules extracted using inference chains. The rules extracted from the decision tree were entered into the CLIPS programming environment and the intelligent diagnostic assistant was designed then. Results: The rules were defined using forward chaining inference technique and were entered into Clips programming environment as RULE. The accuracy and error rates obtained in the training phase from the decision tree were 99.56% and 0.44%, respectively. The accuracy of the decision tree was 98% and the error was 2% in the test phase. Conclusion: Intelligent diagnostic assistant can be used as a reliable system with high accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and agreement.
[Acta Inform Med 2017; 25(3.000): 182-186]

Keywords: Hydronephrosis, grade, causes

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