Merisa Repesa, Amela Sofic, Selma Jakupovic, Selma Tosum, Lejla Kazazic, Almir Dervisevic
Introduction: One of the most frequently used method for scanning patients with indication for dental implantation in dentistry is cone beam computed tomography. Implantation, CBCT imaging and implant programme are inevitable when planning a successful replacement of lost teeth. CBCT offers exact information about available bone and its density, adjacent tooth roots, the place of mandibular canal and maxillary sinus and adjacent anatomical structure. Aim: The goal of this study is to estimate accuracy of measurements on CBCT images ofpatients who have implants of different producers and determine if there is any statistically significant correlation between four test groups regardless of the alloy of which implants are made. Material and methods: The study was a prospective-comparative, and included fifteen patients with hundred dental implants divided in four groups depending on the producer. Results: Over dimensioning in the gained measurements of the whole sample on CBCT images in relation to dimensions of producers is between 0.1006mm and 0.368mm. Even though over dimensioning is measured in millimetres, it has to be taken into consideration in clinical practice when planning an implant placement, and we can recommend safety zone of 0.5mm. There have been no statistically significant differences in the gained results in over dimensioning of implants of different alloys for horizontal and vertical measurements on CBCT images of Astra Tech, Brendet titanium implants and Straumann titanium-zirconium implants. Based on the goals of the study there have been confirmed statistically significant correlations of great value (from 0.841 to 0.936) of high level of importance between manufactured value of dimensions and average dimensions values gained through CBCT imaging in four types of implants (four test groups). The total exactness of measurements on CBCT scan in this research is 96.66% for horizontal measuring and 96.92% for vertical measuring. Therefore, we can conclude that CBCT as radiological method has an unavoidable importance in planning and successful realisation of dental implant procedure. Conclusion: Cone Beam Computed Tomography provides exact measurements of dimensions of placed dental implant in relation to dimensions of the producers of the implant because the material from which dental implants have been made does not significantly affect the precision of the measurement.
CBCT, implantation, implants¸ dimensions of measurement. [Acta Inform Med 2017; 25(2.000): 116-120]
Keywords: CBCT, implantation, implants¸ dimensions of measurement